The term agriculture mechanization or mechanized agriculture refers to the use of machines to farm. Before the industrial revolution took flight, farming was mostly done using human labor and animals like horses, cattle, and mules. As the technologies used to build machines matured, tools like the tractor (a mechanized plow) entered the agricultural industry.
Historically, mechanized agriculture referred to machines that conducted actual farming activities like tilling, planting, and harvesting. Today, agriculture mechanization has become a broad term that encompasses everything from farming activities, to how produce is transported, stored and processed and even how these processes work (i.e., through software). With this broader terminology, aspects like agritech, robotics, and machine learning are also considered a part of mechanized agriculture.
So, are all the gains mechanized agriculture brought still valid? Is the mechanization trend leading farming to greater heights of productivity or has it plateaued? In this article, Sanjeev Mansotra, a business owner, entrepreneur, and investor weighs in on the conversation. He explores the benefits of mechanized farming from a current and future perspective while giving insights on where mechanized farming will go over the next decade.
Mechanized farming has doubtless brought about a lot of progress in the agricultural sector. However, these benefits have come at a cost — a cost to labor and a cost to smallholder farms. As mechanized farming becomes more sophisticated, will these downsides become neutralized? Here are eight advantages of this type of farming that hold the promise of transforming farming into an even more sustainable and profitable venture.