In the past, African agriculture was limited due to lack of infrastructure. However, with recent improvements in rural infrastructure and the introduction of advanced technologies for agricultural production, Africa now has the opportunity to recapture the food security of other regions in the world that have been moving up in development.
Africa is the second most populous continent in the world and has a rapidly growing population. Demand for food and other agricultural products has doubled since 1980 and continues to grow at an alarming rate. However, the continent faces several challenges: Climate change, poor infrastructure, lack of access to modern technology, high poverty rates and scarce water resources.
There are several ways to boost agricultural growth in Saharan Africa. These include increased investment in agricultural research and development, which could boost the growth of smallholder farmers. Investments should be targeted at crops that have high potential for export markets, such as horticulture, cocoa, cassava, yams, and palm oil. Another option is to encourage governments across the continent to work with private sector partners to invest in irrigation projects that allow crops to be grown on more land. Finally, bring higher quality seeds to market.
As Africa’s population continues to grow, so does the demand for food. Governments and international organizations have been working hard to increase agricultural production to meet this demand. However, these efforts are unlikely to be enough, and the private sector will play a critical role in the growth and productivity of agriculture in Africa.
Agroecological research institutes are just one example of organizations that can help farmers grow their own food without relying on imports. The need to diversify farming methods will be difficult, but not impossible.
Agricultural growth in Africa is a major problem. The continent has experienced a massive increase in population and the demands on agriculture have increased faster than they have been able to increase their food production. Challenges include climate change, access to water, access to fertilizers, access to technology, and lack of infrastructure.
The article discusses why Africa has not been able to modernize its agriculture. Given the high cost of agricultural equipment, it is difficult for the continent to innovate. However, it may be possible to rely on technologies that can be purchased by individual farmers, such as improved irrigation systems, better transport facilities for moving crops to market, and better storage systems.
While our planet’s global population is expected to increase by 2.2 billion by 2050. It is vital to keep improving our Agricultural Strengths. The pounds of feed (grain, forage, etc.) a dairy cow needs to eat to produce 100 pounds of milk has decreased by more than 40% on average in the last 40 years. Experts all over the world made it their core responsibility to ensure that new technologies and systems are developed to combat new and pre-existing agricultural problems. Careful stewardship by America’s food producers has spurred a 34% decline in erosion of cropland by wind and water since 1982. We think that following in their footsteps will accelerate the process of improving Agricultural Growth in Sub Saharan Africa.
A Report from Unesco focusing on a Regional overview: Sub-Saharan Africa dictates: Clusters and innovation hubs are playing a key role in interconnecting different public and private players and in raising the overall level of investment in STI, as in Kenya. Land-locked, Rwanda has been developing its ICT infrastructure and interconnection with global (sea-based) broadband networks through cooperation with its neighbours Tanzania and Uganda.
Unesco also states that there are also examples of manufacturing R&D striving to move beyond the experimental development stage. In Uganda, the College of Engineering Design, Art and Technology at Makerere has developed a prototype of a two-seater electric car (brand-named Kiira EV), which it hopes to commercialize. A Nairobi-based company, M-Kopa, provides households with solar-lighting systems that customers pay for through a mobile-phone money-transfer service.
Most countries plan to diversify their economy in order to reduce their reliance on raw materials. They are conscious that a much larger pool of skilled personnel will be needed to drive the new economy. Currently, 14 countries devote more than 1% of GDP to higher education: Botswana, Burundi, Comoros, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Namibia, Senegal, Seychelles, Swaziland, Tanzania and Togo. Four of these countries also devote 10% or more of GDP to agriculture, the target fixed by the Maputo Declaration in 2003, namely Burundi, Malawi, Mali and Senegal, along with Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Niger and Zambia.
In conclusion, agriculture in Africa has been and will continue to be the backbone of the African economy. A major contributor to the growth of African agriculture is the improvement of institutions and policies that benefit farmers. Improved institutions and policies lead to higher productivity in the sector, better incomes for farmers, and greater food security and according to Unesco reports; the region begins implementing its forward-looking Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa (STISA-2024), it has a much stronger base to build on than five years ago. However, STISA will need to overcome one of the shortcomings of its predecessor (Africa’s Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action, 2005–2014), the failure to establish an African Science and Technology Fund to ensure the viability of the centres of excellence setup since 2005. Such a fund will also be necessary to realize STISA-2024’s goals.